When is it recommended?
In Vitro Fertilisation with your own eggs and your partner’s sperm is a laboratory technique consisting in fertilising fertilising previously harvested eggs with your partner’s sperm. Once fertilised, the egg becomes a pre-embryo and is placed in the uterus to continue developing.
Generally speaking, in a normal menstrual cycle, only one egg is produced each month. For In Vitro Fertilisation, it is preferable to obtain more than one egg, making it necessary to use hormones to stimulate the ovaries into producing several mature eggs at once. This type of In Vitro Fertilisation is ideal if there is an insufficient number of sperm to carry out Artificial Insemination or if the fallopian tubes are damaged or blocked, making it impossible to achieve a pregnancy by any other method. This technique is also recommended if several unsuccessful attempts have been made to achieve a pregnancy by means of Artificial Insemination.
1. Monitoring and stimulating the ovaries
The ovaries are stimulated by administering hormones (FSH, Follicle Stimulating Hormone and in some cases, Luteinising Hormone, LH) and the cycle is monitored using scans until the follicles reach the correct number and size. At this point, another hormone is administered that imitates LH, the hormone that naturally triggers ovulation (LH or Luteinising Hormone), and this results in the egg maturing and preparing for ovulation.
2. Egg harvesting and In Vitro Fertilisation
Harvesting the eggs is done by inserting a needle into an ovarian follicle and aspirating the follicular liquid, which contains the eggs. The procedure is done while the woman is under sedation. Once they have been removed, the eggs are stored in a culture dish while the sperm is being prepared by separating the motile sperm.
If the chosen technique is ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) the eggs are denuded, which means that the cells on the surface are removed, and a single sperm is injected into each one.
At our Clinic, we carry out ICSI in 99% of cases, unless we are told otherwise. If this happens, we would use classic In Vitro Fertilisation, in which sperm (between 50,000 and 100,000) are placed in the culture dish with the eggs, and the next day we check to see how many eggs have been fertilised. Obviously, a high number of eggs plus high quality sperm means there is a greater chance of obtaining embryos. This technique has the drawback of producing lower fertilisation rates, as the sperm is not injected directly into the egg.
The day after the ICSI procedure we will know how many eggs have been fertilised. Over the next 2 or 3 days, these fertilised eggs become pre-embryos ready to be transferred to the uterus.
On the day of transfer, the pre-embryos showing the best signs of developing are selected. The law permits us to transfer up to 3 pre-embryos, but the average number is 2.
The pre-embryos are placed in a thin catheter and the gynaecologist inserts the eggs deep inside the uterus. No anaesthetic is required for this procedure. Of the transferred pre-embryos, normally only one will implant, but bear in mind that sometimes more than one may implant, resulting in multiple pregnancy.
The pre-embryos that have not been transferred are frozen in liquid nitrogen (this type of cryopreservation is known as Vitrification) and they are then carefully labelled and stored in the embryo bank. These pre-embryos can be used in subsequent cycles if a pregnancy is not achieved on the first attempt, or for a future pregnancy. Evidently, the treatment for preparing the uterus for the transfer of frozen embryos is much simpler as there is no need to stimulate the follicles and harvest the eggs.
Cost of treatment
Thanks to our 15 years of experience with patients from all over the world, at EUGIN we can provide you with the best guarantees.
The total cost of your treatment, final price guaranteed, with no surprises is 4.645 EUR * £4,078
* Medical treatments in Spain are exempt from VAT
This amount includes all medical procedures necessary for its performance, from your first visit to completion.
This amount does NOT include:
- The necessary prior medical tests: these are different for each person depending on their medical history, which is why we cannot include them in a fixed price quotation.
We know that these tests can be very expensive, and sometimes difficult to carry out. If you wish, they can be done at Eugin at a lower cost, with the advantage that you won’t have to worry about anything.
- The medication: during your first visit, your doctor will tell you the dose you need, depending on your case. The price of medication depends on the company that manufactures it.
As a guideline, the average cost of medication for your treatment will range between £ 633 and £ 870.
Travel and accommodation:at EUGIN, all the treatments are performed in Barcelona. You can get started straight away, and from start to finish, the whole process tends to take around one month.
Be aware that the travelling adds a significant cost, at EUGIN we do everything possible to reduce it to the minimum.
To do this we propose two methods:
- Two short trips to Barcelona
Trips can be scheduled every day of the week (weekends included), to make it easier to fit them in to your schedule:
- A single trip to Barcelona, of variable length
There is the possibility of scheduling a single trip to Barcelona to carry out the treatment. If you prefer this option, you can contact our patient care team, who will help you plan the whole trip. Depending on your case and the treatment you undergo, the stay may vary * from 15 days to a month.
*If you require a visa, consider the possibility that your trip may be prolonged depending on your case and the treatment you undergo. Our patient care team will help you organize all the details of your stay.
The entire follow-up is done in a comfortable, secure way and in complete privacy through your secure personal area, designed for this purpose.